Economic resources

"Mineral resource classification is the classification of mineral deposits based on their geologic certainty and economic value."

A resource is a material or process that is potentially valuable and for which current or future technology enables economic extraction and exploitation. A 'Mineral Resource' is a geologically certain body of material of intrinsic economic interest in or on the Earth's crust in such form, quality and quantity that there are reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction. 


Oxfordshire has its fair share of mineral resources that exhibit physical or chemical properties that made/make them suitable for use by society.


Oxfordshire's mineral resources can be classified:


1. hydrocarbon deposits eg. coal, gas and oil

2. river terrace deposits

3. glaciofluvial deposits

4. bedrock.



Oxfordshire's mineral resources include:

1. Brick clay

2. Fuller's earth

3. Iron stone  (crushed rock aggregate/a source of iron)

4. Limestone (building stone/cement/lime/crushed rock aggregate)

5. Chalk (cement)

6. Coal

7. Hydrocarbons (conventional and potential)

8. Gravels and sand


We are currently building a suite of pages detailing the history, development and nature of economic geology in the county.  Specifically we will be concentrating on: Headington Limestone, Baulking and Fernham fuller's earth, Oxford Ochre, Horton Ironstone, Stonesfield Slate and Chinnor cement and lime. 


Some resources like Oxford Ochre and Stonesfield Slate have been quarried out.